Essentials of obstetrics The levels of oestrogen can then begin to rise, and the woman can ovulate again in the following month. RP 19 year old married woman one month back presented with primary amenorrhea and dyspareunia. Doing the squeezing exercises can help to: Different constituent parts of the levator ani muscle perform different functions according to their anatomic location. Median sagittal section through the female pelvis showing the midline connective tissue spaces between bladder, vagina, and rectum.
The assumption of the upright posture by man was accompanied by a loss of the tail as a functional appendage and the appropriation of this muscle for support of the pelvic viscera; in the erect posture the viscera have lost their previous inferior support by the pubis. The labia majora correspond to the scrotum in the male. Infection in the uterus can pass down the vagina, and usually appears as a bad-smelling discharge from the vaginal opening in the vulva. The vaginal opening is the entrance to the vagina. Glands in the cervix produce secretions which lubricate the vagina.
One of the fallopian tubes carries the ovum from the ovary towards the uterus. During pregnancy , the pubic bone becomes more flexible to allow the fetus to turn over and fit its head in the lower abdomen. Getting to know the general terrain of an area you wish to explore is important to decrease the anxiety experienced by unfamiliarity. The ovaries are the primary source of female hormones, which allow females to produce key characteristics like body shape, breasts , and body hair. After ovulation, the lining of the empty follicle grows and forms a yellow body in the ovary called the corpus luteum , which temporarily functions as a hormone-producing organ. In learning anatomy and physiology for the first time, you will be exposed to a large number of new terminologies. Overview of the Female Reproductive System.
It contains as many nerve endings as the glans of the penis. Knowing about the anatomical position of all these structures is very important during pregnancy, labour and delivery. In the male these folds grow together, converting the groove into the urethral tube of the penis. One in every 50 pregnancies will result in an ectopic pregnancy. The myometrium is made of uterine smooth muscle cells along with stromal and vascular tissue, and it makes up most of the volume of the uterus. Directly beneath the mons pubis and between the labia majora is a small structure of erectile tissue known as the clitoris.